- [S9] Family Trees and LDS, This information is obtained from Public and Private Family Trees and Data Collections including but not limited to: LDS, Ancestry, WFT, MyFamily etc., (Note: This information comes from 1 or more individual private or public files. This infomation is not a "Primary Source".).
- [S61] Find a Grave, Cemeteries, Headstones, Various Private and Public Records including: Actual Headstones and Cemetery Records, Find A Grave, BillionGraves, and U.S. Veterans Gravesites and U.S. Headstone Applications, ((Click link to Find a Grave etc)), http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=6076.
- [S759] Mayflower Source Records, http://mayflowerhistory.com/chilton-mary/.
BAPTISM: 31 May 1607 at St. Peter's, Sandwich, co. Kent, England, daughter of James Chilton.
MARRIAGE: John Winslow (brother of Mayflower passengers Edward and Gilbert Winslow), about 1626 at Plymouth.
CHILDREN: John, Susanna, Mary, Edward, Sarah, Samuel, Joseph, Isaac, an unnamed child who died young, and Benjamin.
DEATH: Before 1 May 1679 at Boston.
Mary Chilton was born in 1607 in Sandwich, Kent, England, and was the daughter of James Chilton and his wife (whose name has not been discovered). When Mary was just two years old, excommunication proceedings began against her mother, who had attended the secret burial of a child of Andrew Sharpe. The child was buried in secret because they opposed the "popish" burial ceremonies required by the Church of England.
Mary and family then came to Leiden, Holland, and joined with the Pilgrims' church there. In 1619, when she was twelve, her father and oldest sister were caught in an anti-Arminian riot and her father was hit in the head with a stone--an injury for which he would have to seek out a surgeon.
In 1620, at the age of 13, Mary came with her parents on the Mayflower. Her father was one of the first who died after the ship had anchored off Provincetown Harbor. He died on December 8. Mary is traditionally given the honor of being the first female to step ashore at Plymouth Rock, but there is no historical documentation for this tradition. Her mother died sometime later the first winter, orphaning her in the New World. Which family it was that raised her has not been determined, but in 1623, at the age of 16, Mary received her share in the Division of Land, and her property was located between that of Myles Standish and John Alden, and was not too far from the Winslows. Edward Winslow's brother John had come to Plymouth on the ship Fortune in 1621. Sometime between 1623 and 1627, John Winslow married Mary Chilton. In the 1627 Division of Cattle they received a share in the "lesser" black cow that had come in the ship Anne in 1623, along with two female goats. As they had not yet had any children by the Division of Cattle, it is likely their marriage occurred in 1626.
Their first child John was born about 1627, and nine more children would follow. The family resided in Plymouth for many years, but eventually ended up in Boston, where her husband John died in 1674. Mary made out her will in 1676 and died about 1679.
- [S885] Mayflower Births and Deaths, Vol. 1 and 2, Ancestry.com, (Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.).
- [S1795] Mayflower Descendants and Their Marriages for Two Generations After the Landing.
- [S216] Vernon Heaton, "The Mayflower" (Webb & Bower, 1980).
- [S94] WIK, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mary_Chilton.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Mary Chilton leaping onto Plymouth Rock before the other Pilgrims
Site of Mary Chilton Winslow's home on Spring Lane in Boston
Mary Chilton Winslow's burial site in the Winslow tomb at King's Chapel Burying Ground
Mary Chilton (1607 ? c.April 1679) was a Pilgrim and purportedly the first European woman to step ashore at Plymouth, Massachusetts.
2 Notable Descendants
4 External links
Mary Chilton was baptized on May 31, 1607 in Sandwich, Kent, England and was the daughter of the Mayflower passenger, James Chilton. Mary Chilton's mother's name has been listed as "Susannah, possibly Furner" in many places. She is listed by William Bradford as "Mrs. Chilton" or "James Chilton's wife." He may have never known her given name. At the age of thirteen, Mary Chilton accompanied her parents on the voyage to Plymouth. Her father, age sixty-four, was the oldest passenger on the Mayflower.
By legend, Mary Chilton was the first passenger to step ashore at Plymouth, seemingly so excited that she jumped out of the small boat and waded ashore onto "Plymouth Rock."
Her father passed on December 18, 1620 while on the Mayflower and her mother passed six weeks later on January 21, 1621, also on the ship, both of "the first infection of the disease" reportedly by Governor William Bradford in 1650. Once orphaned, she may have become the ward of Myles Standish or John Alden. Chilton was given three shares in the land division of 1623, one for herself and one each for her deceased parents. Her property was situated between those of Standish and John Howland.
She was one of eleven minor girls on the Mayflower, nine of whom survived the first year at Plymouth Rock and would have been present at the time of the famous First Thanksgiving in 1621. In contrast, only four of the 14 adult women survived the first year.
She married John Winslow (possibly on October 12, 1624) and thus became the sister-in-law of Mayflower passenger Edward Winslow. They had ten children: John, Susannah, Mary, Edward, Sarah, Samuel, Joseph, Isaac, an unnamed child who probably died in infancy, and Benjamin. All but Benjamin married, and Benjamin's birth is the only one listed in the records of Plymouth colony.
The family moved to Boston some time after the birth of Benjamin in 1653. There John Winslow is said to have prospered as a merchant.
She made out a will on July 31, 1676 (one of two female passengers from the Mayflower who did so, Elizabeth Tilley being the other) and died before May 1, 1679 in Boston.
- [S145] Web Page, http://www.pilgrimhallmuseum.org/mary_chilton.htm.
Pilgrim Hall Museum
Mary Chilton arrived in Plymouth on the Mayflower in 1620, accompanying her mother and father James Chilton. Mary?s father died while the Mayflower was anchored in Provincetown Harbor. Her mother died shortly thereafter. For more information on Mary Chilton?s parents, including information on their English and Dutch background, read the biography of James Chilton.
A Chilton family tradition, first recorded in 1744, has the 12-year-old Mary Chilton as the first woman ashore at Plymouth. There is no contemporary recording of the event, but there are also no competing claims. Mary Chilton?s landing on Plymouth Rock has been celebrated in story and in art. The Landing of the Pilgrims, painted in 1877 by Henry Bacon and showing Mary Chilton landing on Plymouth Rock, is on exhibit at Pilgrim Hall Museum (click here to view that painting).
Mary Chilton married John Winslow, a passenger on the Fortune (arrival in 1621). John Winslow?s brothers Edward and Gilbert had been passengers on the Mayflower. John Winslow was born in 1597. John Winslow and Mary Chilton were married sometime before 1627.
John and Mary Winslow had 10 children : John, Susanna, Mary, Edward, Sarah, Samuel, Joseph, Isaac, an unnamed child who died young, and Benjamin.
The youngest of these, Benjamin, is the only child whose birth is listed in the Plymouth Colony Records :
"1653. Plymouth Regester of the Beirth of theire Children? Beniamine, the sonne of Mr John Winslow, born the 12th day of August."
Plymouth Colony Records, Vol. 8, p. 15.
Sometime after the birth of Benjamin, John and Mary Chilton Winslow moved to Boston. The place of their first residence is not known. On the 16th of June, 1671, John and Mary Chilton Winslow transferred their church membership from Plymouth to the Third Church in Boston (Third Church is now called the Old South Church; the present Old South Meeting House was built about 50 years after Mary Chilton?s death).
On the 19th of September, 1671, John Winslow bought, for the sum of L500 in New England silver money, "the Mansion or dwelling-house of the Late Antipas Voice with the gardens wood-yard and Backside as it is scituate lying and being in Boston aforesaid as it is nowe fenced in And is fronting & Facing to the Lane going to mr John Jolliffes." The house, on today?s Spring Lane, no longer exists.
- [S605] U.S., New England Marriages Prior to 1700, Ancestry.com, (Ancestry.com Operations Inc).
Name Mary Chilton
Spouse John Winslow
Marriage 12 Oct 1624 - United States
- [S20] Mayflower Descendant Applications.
Name Mary Chilton
Spouse John Winslow
Father James Chilton
Children Susanna Winslow
Relative Rose White Nead
- [S1635] U.S. and Canada, Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1500s-1900s, Ancestry.com, (Ancestry.com Operations, Inc).
Name Mary Chilton
Arrival 1620 - Massachusetts
- [S19] U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900, Yates Publishing, (Ancestry.com Operations Inc).
Name John Winslow
Spouse Mary Chilton
Birth 1597 - En
Marriage 1624 - MA
- [S23] History and genealogy of the Mayflower planters and first comers to ye olde colonies.